Superstar science author Steven Johnson (I’m a big fan of his book, “Where Good Ideas Come From“) recently wrote a critique of claims that Silicon Valley is turning into Gilded Age America–a land of unfathomably rich oligarchs that are oblivious to the poverty around them:
Johnson points out that the Valley’s love of open source and collaboration, as well as the way its political dollars go overwhelmingly to Democrats, belie the notion that the Valley is the land of free-market fundamentalists.
What’s interesting is that Johnson theorizes that the reason Silicon Valley isn’t about the money…is the money:
“The defining difference between Silicon Valley
companies and almost every other industry in the U.S. is the virtually
universal practice among tech companies of distributing meaningful
equity (usually in the form of stock options) to ordinary employees.
Before companies like Fairchild and Hewlett-Packard began the practice
fifty years ago, distributing stock options to anyone other than top
management was virtually unheard of. But the engineering tradition that
spawned Silicon Valley was much more egalitarian than traditional
There’s a great book on this topic, called In The Company Of Owners,
that documents just how distinct the Valley is from the rest of U.S.
corporate culture. The top 100 tech companies granted 19% of their total
ownership to non-senior-executive employees (i.e., everyone excluding
the CEO and four lieutenants.) For the rest of corporate America, that
number was 2%. In other words, when it came time to share rewards with
ordinary employees, the Tech 100 were ten times more generous
than low-tech firms. This is actually one of the hidden strengths of the
tech sector in the US: its companies are much more competitive
precisely because they are much more egalitarian in how they share their
wealth internally. I would be surprised if there were any new industry
in the history of capitalism that distributed its economic rewards to
its employees as widely as Silicon Valley has.”